Saturday, April 19, 2014

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National Anti-Corruption Strategy (Approved by Decree of the President of the Russian Federation №460 of 13 April 2010)

Unofficial translation

I.General Provisions

1. In order to implement the National Anti-Corruption Plan approved by the President of the Russian Federation on 31 July 2008 (№Пр-1568) Russia has established a legislative framework for countering corruption, appropriate organizational measures have been taken for preventing corruption and law-enforcement agencies have intensified their activities aimed at fighting corruption.

However, despite the measures undertaken by the state and society, corruption continues to seriously hinder normal functioning of all public mechanisms, impedes social reforms and modernization of national economy, arouses serious concerns and mistrust towards public institutions in Russian society, creates a negative image of Russia on the international arena and is rightfully considered as a threat to security of the Russian Federation.

2. The analysis of the work of state and social institutions to implement Federal Law №273-ФЗ “On Counteracting Corruption” of 25 December 2008 and the National Anti-Corruption Plan approved by the President of the Russian Federation on 31 July 2008 (№Пр-1568) suggests the need of adopting a national anti-corruption strategy, representing a constantly improving system of measures related to institutional, economic, legal, informational and personnel issues, taking account of the federative structure of the Russian Federation, covering federal, regional and municipal levels, aimed at eliminating root causes of corruption in society and consistently implemented by the federal executive authorities, other public authorities, public authorities of the constituents of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, civil society institutions, organizations and individuals.

3. The National Anti-Corruption Strategy has been developed:

a) on the basis of the analysis of the situation regarding various manifestations of corruption in the Russian Federation;

b) on the basis of general evaluation of the effectiveness of the existing system of counter-corruption measures;

c) with due account of measures for preventing and fighting corruption, provided for by the United Nations Convention against Corruption, the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption and other international legal anti-corruption instruments, adhered to by the Russian Federation.

4. The measures for implementing the National Anti-Corruption Strategy reflected in the legal acts of the Russian Federation, the National Anti-Corruption Plan for the relevant period, the plans of federal executive authorities, other public authorities, the constituents of the Russian Federation and municipalities for countering corruption should comply with generally recognized principles and norms of international law related to fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms, enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

II.  Goal and Objectives of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy

5. The goal of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy is to eliminate the root causes and factors fuelling corruption in Russian society.

6. The following tasks are consistently accomplished to reach the goal of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy:

a) to establish legislative and institutional frameworks for countering corruption that meet contemporary requirements;

b) to arrange implementation of legislative acts and managerial decisions in the field of countering corruption, create conditions preventing corruptive conduct and ensuring lower level of corruption;

c) to ensure that members of society abide by the norms of anti-corruption conduct including, if necessary, the implementation of coercive measures in accordance with the legislative acts of the Russian Federation.

III. Basic Principles of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy

7. The basic principles of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy shall be the following:

a) recognizing corruption as one of systemic threats to the security of the Russian Federation;

b) applying a system of anti-corruption measures comprising those to prevent corruption, prosecute persons who have committed corruption-related crimes, and minimize and (or) eliminate the consequences of corruption acts, with a focus on corruption prevention measures at present;

c) stability of the key components of the system of anti-corruption measures established in Federal Law of 25 December 2008 № 273-ФЗ “On Countering Corruption”;

d) detailing of anti-corruption provisions of federal laws, the National Anti-Corruption Strategy and the National Anti-Corruption Plan for a relevant period in legal acts of federal executive authorities, other public authorities, public authorities of the constituents of the Russian Federation and in municipal legal acts.

IV. Key Areas of Implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy

8. The National Anti-Corruption Strategy shall be implemented in the following key areas:

a) ensuring the involvement of civil society institutions in countering corruption;

b) enhancing anti-corruption activities of federal executive authorities, other public authorities, public authorities of constituents of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government;

c) introduction in the activities of federal public authorities, other public authorities, public authorities of the constituents of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government of innovative technologies raising objectivity and ensuring transparency in the adoption of legislative (regulatory legal) acts of the Russian Federation, municipal legal acts and managerial decisions, as well as electronic interdepartmental interaction of the said bodies and their interaction with individuals and organizations in rendering public services;

d) improving the system of public property accounting and its efficiency evaluation;

e) eliminating corruption-generating factors that hamper the creation of favorable conditions to attract investments;

f) improving conditions, procedures and mechanisms of state and municipal procurement, including by promoting the practice of open electronic auctions, as well as establishing an integrated federal contractual system to ensure the conformity of indices and results of the execution of public contracts to the initially set parameters and approved indicators of an appropriate budget;

g) expanding the system of legal awareness-raising;

h) updating civil legislation;

i) further development of the legal counter-corruption framework;

j) strengthening the role of commissions on the issues of observance of rules concerning official conduct of public employees of the Russian Federation and resolution of conflicts of interests;

k) improving measures taken by divisions of personnel departments of federal executive authorities and other public authorities to prevent corruption-related and other offences;

l) regular analysis of the situation with corruption and the efficiency of measures to prevent and combat it in the country as a whole and in selected regions;

m) improving the law enforcement practice of law-enforcement agencies and courts in corruption-related cases;

n) enhancing the efficiency of the execution of judgments; 

o) elaboration of institutional and legal frameworks for law enforcement monitoring with a view to ensuring the timely adoption, in cases stipulated by federal laws, of acts of the President of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation, federal executive authorities, other public authorities, public authorities of the constituents of the Russian Federation, municipal legal acts, as well as with a view to executing judgments of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation;

p) improving institutional framework for the anti-corruption examination of regulatory legal acts and draft regulatory legal acts and raising its effectiveness;

q) increasing financial remuneration and pensions of public and municipal employees; 

r) xpanding limitations, prohibitions and obligations stipulated by legislative acts of the Russian Federation with a view to preventing corruption to persons occupying public positions of the Russian Federation, including chief executive officials (heads of supreme executive public authorities) of the constituents of the Russian Federation, public positions of the constituents of the Russian Federation and municipal positions;

s) improving professional training of specialists in the organization and direct application of anti-corruption measures;

t) improving the financial accounting and reporting system in line with international standards;

u) enhancing the efficiency of the Russian Federation’s participation in international anti-corruption cooperation, including the elaboration of the institutional framework for a regional anti-corruption forum, the provision, if necessary, of assistance to other states in training of specialists, analysis of root causes and implications of corruption.

V. Mechanism for Implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy

9. The National Anti-Corruption Strategy shall be implemented by the federal public authorities, other public authorities, public authorities of constituents of the Russian Federation, local self-government bodies, civil society institutions, organizations and individuals:

a) in formulation and implementation of budgets of all levels;

b) by addressing human resources issues;

c) in the implementation of the right of legislative initiative and adoption of legislative (regulatory legal) acts of the Russian Federation and municipal legal acts;

d) through timely harmonization of:

legal acts of federal public authorities, public authorities of the constituents of the Russian Federation and municipal legal acts with the requirements of federal anti-corruption laws;

legal acts of the public authorities of the constituents of the Russian Federation with the requirements of federal laws and regulatory legal acts of the federal public authorities on anti-corruption issues;

municipal legal acts with the requirements of federal laws, regulatory legal acts of federal public authorities and regulatory legal acts of the public authorities of the constituents of the Russian Federation on anti-corruption issues;

e) in exercising control over the implementation of the legislation of the Russian Federation and activities, envisaged in the national anti-corruption plan for the respective period, in the plans of federal executive authorities, other public authorities, constituents of the Russian Federation and municipal entities on anti-corruption issues;

f)  by ensuring inevitability of responsibility for corruption offences and unbiased application of the legislation of the Russian Federation;

g) by providing assistance to mass media in broad and unbiased coverage of the status of anti-corruption measures;

h) hrough active engagement of political parties, national associations and other civil society institutions into anti-corruption work.

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D. Medvedev

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