Dmitry Medvedev signed Executive Order On Measures to Fulfil UN Security Council Resolution 1973 of March 17, 2011. The Resolution establishes a no-fly zone over Libyan airspace and toughens the sanctions imposed on Libya by UN Security Council Resolution 1970 of February 26, 2011.
The Executive Order sets out a number of restrictions taken against the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Libya), in accordance with Resolution 1973, and also introduces additional measures to comply with the restrictions set out in Presidential Executive Order 286 of March 9, 2011 On Measures to Fulfil UN Security Council Resolution 1970 of February 26, 2011.
In particular, the order prohibits granting permission to Russian or foreign aircraft to use Russian Federation airspace during international flights if the aircraft in question intend to fly in Libyan airspace, are registered in Libya, belong to or are operated by Libyan individuals or legal entities, or if there is information giving grounds to believe that the aircraft will be used to deliver personnel or provide services related to military activity, including transporting armed mercenaries or weapons and related materials and equipment of any type. This ban shall not apply to aircraft flying exclusively for humanitarian purposes or making an emergency landing.
Furthermore, the order gives military vessels the power to inspect ships in the open sea, destined for or coming from Libya, if the Russian Federation has information giving grounds to believe that the ships in question are being used to transport personnel for military-related purposes, including transport of armed mercenaries, or are carrying cargoes that include goods, the sale, transport, and supply of which have been prohibited by Presidential Executive Order 286 of March 9, 2011.
The order also prohibits transactions involving money or financial assets belonging to Muammar Gaddafi’s close relatives, his entourage, and Libyan legal entities, and bans a number of individuals from entry to or transit through the Russian Federation.
In accordance with Federal Law 281-FZ of December 30, 2006 On Special Economic Measures, special economic measures are taken in cases when a particular set of circumstances requires an urgent response against actions that violate international law, or in cases of hostile action by a foreign country that poses a threat to the Russian Federation’s interests and security, and also in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions. The Russian President makes the decisions on taking such measures against specific countries and (or) foreign organisations and citizens, and decides the length of time that these particular economic measures will apply.